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What is organic cotton?

 

The cotton is cultivated in healthy soil through crop rotation. It retains moisture in soil from increased organic matter. 

Never use pesticides: Healthy soil creates natural balance. Beneficial insects and trap crops are used.

Use of organic fertilizer: chemical fertilizers cannot be used to grow organic cotton, it is necessary to use organic fertilizers, such as organic compost.

Harvesting check: Before harvesting, all certified organic cotton must be inspected on site, and the inspector checks whether all harvested equipment are clean to prevent residual impurities from mixing with organic cotton.

Processing check: The factory that processes organic cotton must obtain the qualification verification of organic products according to the organic cotton verification standard. It must be kept isolated to prevent from pollution at every stage.

Storage: Warehouses that store organic cotton must also be qualified for organic distribution based on organic cotton certification standards.

Because of such complicated procedures, the production of organic cotton is 1/3 less than that of ordinary cotton under the same arable land area, and the price is three times that of ordinary cotton, but has a higher unit price.

 

The global organic cotton market continues to grow, not only because consumers are starting to choose organic cotton products but also because of environmental awareness.

Major apparel manufacturers have also joined the ranks of organic textiles. The far-reaching impact on the environment and ecological protection cannot be measured by numbers alone.

What is GOTS Organic Cotton Certification?

The aim of the standard is to define world-wide recognized requirements that ensure organic status of textiles, from harvesting of the raw materials, through environmentally and socially responsible manufacturing up to labelling in order to provide a credible assurance to the end consumer.

Textile processors and manufacturers are enabled to export their organic fabrics and garments with one certification accepted in all major markets.

 

The standard covers the processing, manufacturing, packaging, labelling, trading and distribution of all textiles made from at least 70% certified organic natural fibres. The final products may include, but are not limited to fibre products, yarns, fabrics, clothes and home textiles. 

 

A textile product carrying the GOTS label grade ‘organic’ must contain a minimum of 95% certified organic fibres whereas a product with the label grade ‘made with organic’ must contain a minimum of 70% certified organic fibers.

 

The manufacturing process, which accounts for less than 0.2% of global production, is also the highest standard for organic cotton in the world.

Most GOTS-certified factories are concentrated in Turkey, India and Ukraine.

Turkey and India are the world's largest producers of organic cotton.

 

 

 Most consumers agree that the comfort of wearing cotton clothes is very important,

But very few people care about whether cotton is safe and how much chemicals are put on it?

 

 

About 25 percent of the world’s insecticide use and more than 10 percent of the world’s pesticide goes to cotton crops. In 2003, that amounted to about 55 million pounds of pesticides being sprayed on 12.8 million acres of cotton, according to the Organic Trade Association. Some of these chemicals are considered to be the most toxic chemicals in the world. The health risks of pesticide exposure include birth defects, reproductive disorders and weaker immune systems.

In many countries, cotton is still hand picked; therefore anyone working in those fields is exposed to extreme amounts of toxic chemicals. The chemicals can also affect others in the community once they have seeped into the water supply. With so many products made from cotton, we are all exposed to these chemicals at some point.

 

 

Global organizations estimate thousands of people exposed to the chemicals used in non-organic cotton production die of cancer and poisoning.

The spinning process uses a large amount of fluorescent agents, dyes, softeners and petrochemical surfactants.

It contains chlorine, benzene, phenol, alcohol, ketone, formaldehyde, lead and other substances.

All of these harmful chemicals are discharged with the waste water of the factory, and create a huge pollution problem.

 

 

The GOTS certification standard will test the following items:

1) The amount of pesticide used in the process of organic cotton planting and the composition of fertilizer

2) Dyeing, printing without fluorescence, bleach and no heavy metal residues

3) Wastewater treatment during production

4) Employees' fair salary and safety and healthy working environment

5) Prohibition of child labor

Nickel-free and heavy metal free material

All secondary materials are non-toxic and safe materials (ex: button, zipper,...)

Nickel free snaps

Nickel free zippers